## ºC means degree Celsius and not degree centigrade?

By the middle of the 17th century, sensitive thermometers were available, but there was no serious attempt to establish a universal scale for the measurement of temperature since there was not even a clear scientific knowledge of what it itself was. In 1669, Father Honoré Fabryen Leyde calibrated his thermometers, first “putting them on ice” and then “in water heated to the maximum degree” (he did not go so far as to say boiling). Some years later the French physicist and naturalist René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur adopted the ice and water boiling points, but assigning them as values ​​0 and 80.

With the beginning of the 18th century, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit began his work, key to the development of thermometry, which was partially based on that of the
Danish astronomer Olaus Römer, who had built a thermometer based on two fixed points. It seems that a misinterpretation of Römer’s scale led him to construct his own (the point that Römer described as water at blood temperature, Fahrenheit understood literally when Römer probably only meant warm water). In any case, the great merit of Fahrenheit was that it was able to build stable thermometers and a reproducible scale. He was not the first to suggest creating a scale using fixed points, but he was the first to take advantage of the method using good thermometers.

It is in 1742 when Anders Celsius publishes an article in “Kungliga Swenska Wetenskaps Academiens Handlinga”, the annals of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, entitled “Observations on two constant degrees in a thermometer”. This article was the origin of the Celsius temperature scale. In it, after making a summary of the different ways of expressing the temperature of the time, Celsius presented a list of his experiments to elaborate his temperature scale with two fixed points: that of snow or melting ice and that of boiling water. . Initially Celsius assigned 0º to the boiling point and 100º to the solidification point, but this assignment was soon reversed, probably by Daniel Ekström, who made most of the scientific instruments that Celsius used.

At the end of the 19th century, for the comparison of length standards, the International Committee of Weights and Measures adopted, as the normal thermometric scale for the International Bureau of Weights and Measures, the centigrade scale of the constant volume hydrogen thermometer, which had as fixed points the temperature of the melting ice point (0º C) and that of the boiling distilled water (100º C); In this way, the unit of temperature would be the “degree centigrade” and would correspond to one hundredth of the difference (at normal pressure) between the melting points of ice and the boiling points of water.

The degree centigrade continued to be used as a unit of temperature until in 1948 the Consultative Committee on Thermometry discussed the need to replace the point of ice, with a reproducibility of the order of one thousandth of a degree, by the triple point of water, better. defined and whose reproducibility was, at that time, of the order of one ten-thousandth of a degree. The possibility was also studied, indicated as early as 1854 by Lord Kelvin, of defining the thermodynamic temperature by means of a single fixed point, instead of defining it by the interval from 0ºC to 100ºC. Finally this “revolutionary” idea was approved, not without many discussions, and the triple point of water became the pillar of the temperature scale, which was assigned the value of 0.01º C (or 273.16 K).

The General Conference on Weights and Measures in October 1948 accepted the principle of the single fixed point, but decided to wait to assign it a numerical value. This same Conference decided to replace the name of “degree centigrade” by “degree Celsius” because of confusion. It was not until the 10th General Conference on Weights and Measures in 1954 that the 273.16 K value for the triple point of water was officially adopted.

This decision had a surprising result, since for a few years two different Kelvin lived together. One defined as the fraction 1 / 273.16 of the thermodynamic temperature of the triple point of water and the other the kelvin of the 1948 centigrade scale defined as the one hundredth part of the temperature interval between the boiling point of water and the point from the melting ice. They were fortunate to be very close to each other, but it was certainly a difficult situation for the metrologists of the time.

Later, very wisely, it was decided to modify the text of the 1948 International Temperature Scale and, in 1960, a corrected edition was published by the 11th General Conference on Weights and Measures. This corrected scale was called the Practical International Temperature Scale and defined the kelvin as the fraction 1 / 273.16 of the thermodynamic temperature of the triple point of water. In this way, the International Temperature Scale definitively ceased to be a centigrade scale, since adopting the triple point of water as the primary fixed point with the temperature of 0.01º C, the interval that separated it from the boiling point of water did not it was 100º C.

Currently, the current and internationally accepted temperature scale is the 1990 International Temperature Scale, which establishes that the basic unit of the physical magnitude of thermodynamic temperature (symbol T ) is the kelvin (symbol K ), and it continues to be defined as the fraction 1 / 273.16 of the thermodynamic temperature of the triple point of water. Furthermore, as the expression of a temperature by its difference at 273.15 K (melting point of ice) was considered common practice , the use of the Celsius temperature (symbol t ), defined by:

t / ° C = T / K – 273.15

The unit of Celsius temperature is the degree Celsius (symbol ° C), which is, by definition, equal in magnitude to the kelvin.

## What is temperature definition of scales and units

Temperature is the thermodynamic magnitude that shows the thermal energy of one body in relation to that of another. This thermodynamic property describes only a macroscopic state.

According to molecular theory, temperature is defined as the measure of the average kinetic energy of the molecules that compose it. That is, the movements of the particles within it.

On the other hand, it can be defined according to statistical mechanics, as the derivative of energy in relation to entropy in constant volume.

Being of macroscopic magnitude, it has an exclusively statistical character. This means that it makes no sense to talk about the temperature of an isolated molecule or atom, but of the whole.

## WHAT ARE THE TEMPERATURE SCALES?

The three most common scales for measuring temperature are:

• The Celsius scale . Measured in degrees centigrade.
• The Kelvin scale . Measured in Kelvin degrees (currently Kelvin )
• The Fahrenheit scale . Measured in degrees Fahrenheit .

### SCALE CELSIUS AND KELVIN SCALE

The Celsius scale is the most used scale to express temperature. Almost everyone uses the Celsius scale ( degree Celsius ) to measure most measurements. The variation between one degree and the next on a Celsius scale is the same variation as on a Kelvin scale .

The difference between the Celsius and Kelvin scales is in fixing its null point:

• On the Celsius scale, 0ºC corresponds to the water freezing point.
• On the Kelvin scale, 0 degrees corresponds to the minimum level that a body could theoretically reach.

Kelvin scale intervals are measured in Kelvin, but were previously called Kelvin degrees .

### FAHRENHEIT SCALE

However, there are some countries, mainly the United States, where the Fahrenheit scale is still used in everyday life. It is a historic scale. In it, the freezing point of water is 32 ° F and the boiling point of water is 212 ° F.

## TEMPERATURE EXAMPLES

Ambient temperature is the temperature of the outside air. The maximum recorded was 56.7 degrees Celsius. Registered at Furnace Creek station, located in the well-known “Death Valley” of the USA. The recorded minimum is -93 degrees Celsius in Antarctica.

## UNITY IN THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM OF MEASURES

The unit of measurement in the International System of Units (SI) is the kelvin. Kelvin is therefore the unit used by scientists. It is often seen as a Kelvin grade .

### TRIPLE POINT OF WATER

The International System of Units (SI) defines a scale and unit for thermodynamic temperature based on the triple point of water.

## WHY DO WE FEEL COLD AND HOT ?

Thermal sensation is called the sensation of cold or heat that a person feels according to a combination of meteorological parameters.

The physiological sensation is generated when there is an exchange of thermal energy between body temperature and that of other bodies.

If we touch an object at a lower temperature, heat flows from our body to the object. We feel cold. If the object is a good conductor of heat, the heat flows more quickly. Then we will have the thermal sensation that the object is even colder.

## RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TEMPERATURE AND THERMODYNAMICS

It is one of the main properties studied in a thermodynamic system . In thermodynamics , differences in thermals between different regions of matter are especially important. These differences allow the movement of heat from one region to another.

## IS THE TEMPERATURE EQUAL TO THE THERMAL ENERGY?

The molecules of all material substances are always in continuous motion. They can be in vibration or agitation, due to the multiple interactions they suffer within the body.

As a consequence of this random agitation, the atoms and molecules of matter have a certain internal energy , since they have kinetic energy in the form of movement. They also have potential energy due to the forces exerted between the particles.

The internal energy is also known as the thermal energy of the bodies.

On the other hand, the temperature is the magnitude that allows to register the average value of the thermal energy of a body.

## HOW IS THE TEMPERATURE MEASURED?

Different measurement systems depend on the application or whether very high or very low values ​​are to be measured. However, the best known and most used tool is the thermometer.

To determine the temperature of a system, it must be in thermodynamic equilibrium. Variations in the thermal state of a body cause changes in some macroscopic properties:

• Dilation.
• Evolution of electrical resistance.
• Creation of electromotive forces.
• Pressure changes.
• Volume changes in a gas, etc.

Consequently, variations in these properties allow them to be used in the construction of instruments that detect temperature variations.

Previously, the mercury thermometer was used to measure body temperature. It is currently out of use due to its danger.

### WHAT DOES THIS MEAN IN THERMAL EQUILIBRIUM ?

When two systems are in thermal equilibrium , they have the same temperature. The extension of this principle fundamentally justifies the use of the thermometer and establishes the principles of its construction for its measurement.

In a more fundamental approach, the empirical definition is derived from the thermal equilibrium conditions, which are expressed in the zero principle of thermodynamics .

## What is a Fahrenheit Degree

The Fahrenheit degree (° F) is a temperature unit proposed by Gabriel Fahrenheit in 1724. The Fahrenheit degree is not a unit of the International System of Units.

On the Fahrenheit scale, the temperature changes in the state of water are as follows:

1. The melting point of water is 32 degrees F.
2. The boiling point of water is 212 degrees F.

A difference of 1.8ºF is equivalent to that of 1 degree Celsius . Fahrenheit adjusted the temperature to zero (0 ° F), at the freezing point of a 50% mixture of salt (ammonium chloride) and ice, and at 96 ° F, he measured the temperature of the blood (used that of the horses)

Figure 96 may seem a strange measure, but, in principle, the scale contained only twelve equal subdivisions, he himself divided each division into eight more, finally obtaining 96 divisions on his scale.

The conversion formulas for degrees Celsius and kelvin are:

° F = ° C⋅ (9/5) +32
° C = (° F -32) ⋅ 5/9
° F = K ° (9/5) -459.67
k = (° F +459.67) ⋅ 5/9

## IN WHICH COUNTRIES IS THE FAHRENHEIT SCALE USED?

The Fahrenheit scale is officially used in five countries:

• Bahamas.
• Belice.
• Cayman Islands.
• Palace.
• USA.

In addition, this unit is also unofficially used by the older generation in the United Kingdom, Australia, South Africa, Canada, Ireland, India and Jamaica. The reason is that this scale has also been used in these countries in the past. In other countries, the temperature is expressed in degrees Celsius , created 20 years later.

This scale is currently confined to Anglo-Saxon countries, especially the United States. The other Anglo-Saxon countries, however, are adapting to degrees Celsius, since since the 1960s, some governments have adopted policies with a tendency to adopt the International System and the use of ºF for temperature measurement has been replaced. .

The Fahrenheit scale, has absolute zero located at -459.67 ° F, to facilitate its scientific use, the Rankine scale was created. The Rankine scale raises 0 from the Fahrenheit scale to absolute zero, similar to what happens between the Kelvin scale and the Celsius scale .

## WHO WAS DANIEL FAHRENHEIT?

Daniel Fahrenheit was a physicist, engineer and glassblower of Polish origin. He is the physicist responsible for creating the scale that bears his name to measure the temperature. He is also known for the invention of the alcohol thermometer (1709), mercury thermometer (1714) and the development of a scale to measure temperatures .

He is a pioneer of accurate thermometry, which helped lay the foundation for the era of precision thermometry, inventing the glass tube mercury thermometer and the Fahrenheit scale. Fahrenheit’s inventions marked the beginning of the first revolution in the history of thermometry. From the beginning of the 1710s until the beginning of the electronic age, glass and mercury thermometers were among the most reliable and accurate thermometers ever invented.

## HOW WAS THE FAHRENHEIT DIPLOMA INVENTED?

Fahrenheit himself wrote in 1724 that, on his scale, 0º corresponded to the temperature of a mixture of ice, salt and water, while 100º was the body temperature of the human being. We can see that the temperature in these two environments is not completely accurate, so the Fahrenheit scale is considered quite arbitrary.

It is not known exactly how it was designed, as the German physicist and engineer kept his formulas a secret.

Fahrenheit was based on the Rømer scale, proposed by the Danish astronomer Ole Christensen Rømer in 1701. According to this scale, 0 ° was the freezing temperature of the brine and 60 ° the boiling point of the water. The problem was that other important points, such as body temperature, were converted into fractional numbers, which seemed quite inelegant to him. Fahrenheit decided to adjust the Rømer scale so that the water would freeze at 8º and the human body temperature would be 24º.

The first Fahrenheit thermometers used this scale, but at some point he decided to multiply the number of divisions by 4, giving rise to the current Fahrenheit scale, where the water freezing point is 32ºF and the body temperature is 96ºF. It is not clear why he did this, but the fact is that he agrees that a degree Fahrenheit increases the volume of mercury by exactly 0.01%.

## WHO INVENTED THE THERMOMETER?

Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit is also responsible for the invention of the mercury thermometer. Fahrenheit knew that mercury was a better measuring liquid than alcohol used in other thermometers, as it boiled at a much higher temperature (357 ° C versus 78 ° C). His thermometers became the most reliable at the time and, for these achievements, he was formally accepted into the Royal Society of London.

## Degree Celsius

The degree Celsius (symbol in ° C) is the unit of a temperature measurement scale , named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701 – 1744), who first proposed it in 1742. The Celsius scale is a scale to indicate the temperature at which the temperature ranges are degrees Celsius.

The Celsius scale defines the melting point of ice in a mixture of water saturated with air at 0 ° C and the boiling point at 99.974 ° C under standard pressure conditions (1 bar, slightly less than the atmosphere, pressure to water) boils at 100 degrees Celsius).

Originally conceived by the Celsius scale, it had a boiling point of water at 0 ° C and a freezing point of 100 ° C. After his death, however, the scale was reversed in 1745 by Linnaeus, transforming it into what is now commonly used.

The current official definition of the Celsius scale places 0.01 ° C as a triple point of water and a degree as 1 / 273.16 of the temperature difference between the triple point of water and absolute zero. This definition of degrees Celsius ensures that the temperature difference of one degree Celsius represents the same temperature difference as a Kelvin.

## CONVERSION OF DEGREES CELSIUS TO OTHER TEMPERATURE UNITS

Formulas for converting degrees Celsius to other temperature units.

• Conversion of degrees Celsius to degrees Fahrenheit at ° F = (9/5 × ° C) + 32
• Conversion of degrees Fahrenheit to degrees Celsius at ° C = (5/9) × (° F – 32)
• Conversion of degrees Celsius to kelvin at K = ° C + 273.15
• Conversion Kelvin to degrees Celsius ° K = – 273.15

Anders Celsius originally proposed that the water freezing point be 100 ° C and the boiling point 0 ° C. The ladder was reversed in 1745 at the suggestion of Linnaeus, or perhaps by Daniel Ekström, producer of most of the thermometers used by Celsius.

The Celsius and Fahrenheit thermometric scales cross at the same value of -40 degrees, that is, the value of -40 ° C corresponds to -40 ° F.

One way to convert Celsius to Fahrenheit is to multiply by 1.8 and add 32.

° F = ° C × 1,8 + 32

On the other hand, to convert Fahrenheit to degrees Celsius, subtract 32 and divide by 1.8.

° C = (° F – 32) / 1,8

The Celsius scale is used daily in most parts of the world, although in mass media it is still called centigrade until the 1990s, especially in weather forecasts. In the United States (as well as in non-corporate territories and freely associated states of the Pacific), in Belize, Liberia and some Caribbean islands, the Fahrenheit scale is used, but these countries also use the Celsius or Kelvin scale in Applications. scientific or technological.

Other temperature ranges are: Newton (around 1700), Rømer (1701), Fahrenheit (1724), Réaumur (1731), Delisle or de Lisle (1738), Rankine (1859), Kelvin (1862) and Leyden (by around 1894). Note that “kelvin” is tiny, because it is an SI unit, even though it is derived from the noble title of scientist William Thomson.

## WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DEGREES CELSIUS AND DEGREES CELSIUS?

Since there are a hundred divisions between these two landmarks, the original term for this system was either centigrade or centesimal. In 1948, the ninth General Conference of Animals (CR 64) officially changed its name to Celsius to remove several ambiguities:

• the centi prefix is ​​used by the SI system for submultiples;
• a more correct name, at least since Linnaeus was invested, would have been “hectograd”;
• the hectogram is also ambiguous and, in oenology, indicates the alcohol content per hectolitre of wine;
• the term “degrees centigrade” was also used to indicate the hundredth degree used to measure angles;
• Kelvin is also a degree centigrade, in that it is obtained, like Celsius, by dividing the interval between two fundamental fixed points in equal parts.

The decision of the Conférence générale des poids et mesures aimed to remove ambiguities and to unequivocally associate the creation of the scale with Celsius (despite Linnaeus’ important contribution); in addition, the scale was standardized with those of Kelvin (created by Lord Kelvin), Fahrenheit, Réaumur and Rankine , all named after their inventor.

Despite this, there are often people who refer to degrees centigrade as “degrees Celsius”, just as they use the centigrade concept scale.

## WHY IS THE CELSIUS SCALE NOT CONSIDERED AN ABSOLUTE SCALE?

The existence of an absolute temperature scale is a consequence of the second principle of thermodynamics .

According to the second law, the absolute temperature scale starts from the existence of 0º absolute. This condition is met only by two basic units:

• Degree of Kelvin
• Grau Rankine.

Zero degrees Kelvin corresponds to -273.16 degrees Celsius.Author: Oriol Planas – Industrial Technical Engineer, specializing in mechanics

## What is the degree of Celsius symbol

1. The temperature measurement unit of the Celsius temperature scale (C), represented by the symbol ℃, is one of the most widely used temperature scales in the world. Celsius is now included in the International System of Units (SI).

2. Basic definition: Celsius temperature has been included in the International System of Units. In physics, the Celsius temperature scale is expressed as t, and the absolute temperature scale (unit: Kelvin) is expressed as T, and the conversion relationship is t=T-273.15. Celsius is a special name that replaces Kelvin when expressing Celsius temperature, and 1K=1°C in value.

3. Both Fahrenheit and Celsius are used to measure temperature. Celsius is used by most countries in the world, including our country; Fahrenheit is used by only five remaining countries in the world, including the Bahamas, Belize, the British Cayman Islands, Palau, the United States of America and other dependent territories (Puerto Rico, Guam, U.S. Virgin Islands).

## How to type Celsius Symbol in word

Celsius is a temperature scale that is widely used in the world and is represented by the symbol “℃”. It was proposed by the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius in the 18th century. Celsius = (Fahrenheit-32) ÷ 1.8. Its freezing point is 0°C, and the boiling point of water at 1 standard atmosphere is 100°C. The current Celsius temperature has been included in the International System of Units, and the definition of Celsius temperature is t=TT.

Celsius is a temperature scale that is widely used in the world and is represented by the symbol “℃”. However, in actual work, it is often necessary to insert the ℃ symbol in Word. I stumbled upon today that I don’t know how to enter the Celsius symbol ℃ in Word? How to do? Below, I will summarize some of the methods of entering the Celsius symbol ℃ in Word. I hope that after reading this article, I don’t have to worry about how to type ℃ in Word. There are several simple ways to insert the Celsius symbol ℃ in Word: Although some small symbols are usually not used by people at all, they still have to be mastered. Sometimes they might come in handy! Here are a variety of ways to enter the Celsius symbol

Input degrees Celsius:

1. Select “special symbols”;
2. Then select “number/unit” from the special symbols that pop up, and then you can see the symbol “Celsius ℃” at the bottom left.

Input method Celsius symbol input method:

1. Click the “wrench icon” on the far right of QQ input method, and then select “Symbol”;
2. Select “Number/Unit” on the left side of the symbol input device that pops up, and you can find it on the right The desired “degree Celsius” too.

Smart ABC input Celsius symbol,

first press “V”, then press the “1” key, then press “Page Down” 7 times, then press the “7” key, the °C comes out

How to type the Celsius symbol in Wubi 86 version

℃ Right-click on the soft keyboard, select the unit symbol, press “9” to get ℃

Tips: In Word, using Sogou input method and omnipotent five pen typing have different symbols, which can be solved by switching between Chinese and English. This is the difference between full-width and half-width. In the two input methods, if you enter full-width or half-width, they should be exactly the same

2. Skills of inputting Celsius symbol in Word2003

1. Open Word2003 and click “Special Symbol” in “Insert” in the menu bar;
2. You can find the “Celsius” symbol you want in “Unit Symbol”.

3. How to input the Celsius symbol in Word2007

Click the “Insert” tab, select “More” in the “Special Symbols” option group, then “Unit Symbol”, select the Celsius symbol to confirm.

## Insert a degree symbol

When entering temperature or measurement values ​​in Word, you may need to insert the degree symbol. This can be done using the drop-down menu or the keyboard shortcut ALT + 0176.

In this article

• Insert a degree symbol using a ribbon
• Insert a degree symbol using a keyboard shortcut

## Insert a degree symbol using a ribbon

• Place the cursor where you want to insert the degree symbol.
• On the Insert tab, click Symbols > Symbol .
• Select Additional Symbols .
• Choose a font for the text from the Font drop-down menu .
• Browse the symbols and click the degree sign. Click the Insert button .

## Insert a degree symbol using a keyboard shortcut

1. Place the cursor where you want to insert the degree symbol.
2. Press Alt + 0176.Note:  This method requires a 10-key numeric keypad.

## RADIANS (RADIANS function)

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the RADIANS function in Microsoft Excel.

## Description

Converts degrees to radians.

## Syntax

RADIANS (angle)

The arguments to the RADIANS function are described below.

• Angle     Required. The angle in degrees to convert.

## Example

Copy the sample data from the following table and paste it into cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. To display the results of formulas, select them and press F2, and then press Enter. Change the width of the columns as needed to see all the data.

## How to put a “degree” sign in Excel?

Gennady grivin : Character code 00BA

The user has been deleted : there is also an insert – symbols and search there =))))

User deleted : Open Microsoft Excel, then select the “Insert” box, then select “Symbol” and there will be a “Degree” icon.

Baissa :

Vo-land-666 vo-land-666 : percent sign. for example 40%

## Excel functions for converting from RADIANS to DEGREES

The RADIANS function (in English RADIANS) is one of the mathematical and trigonometric functions that is often used for engineering calculations. This function in Excel easily converts degrees to radians – the angle corresponding to the arc, and the length of this arc is equal to its radius.

## How does the index function work in Excel?

EXAMPLE 1. For engineering calculations related to motion in a circle, it is often necessary to calculate angular velocities and convert degrees to radians and radians to degrees. Excel provides special functions for this. To simplify mathematical calculations, it may be necessary to express in one and second quantities.

We need to find how much will be in 180 ° Radians. Press the fx button near the formula bar to call the “Insert function” function selection window (SHIFT + F3) and enter the “RADIANS” function in the search window. We select the highlighted desired function, as shown in the figure below.

• A window appears in which you need to enter the arguments of the function. Enter the value 180, since we need to find how many radians will be in 180 degrees. Click OK.

180 degrees would be 3.1415 radians.

• Find the radians for an angle of 90 °. Let’s open the function window and enter the function that needs to be calculated. Find it in the function wizard window and select argument 90.

OK. 90 degrees would be 1.5707 radians.

In the following examples, we’ll show you how to convert these angle units in both directions.

## How to convert Radians to degrees using Excel

EXAMPLE 2. Sometimes it is necessary to convert the unit of measurement of angles rad into the value gradus °. The DEGREES function is provided for this. It allows you to convert values ​​expressed in radians to degrees in decimal.

• We need to find how much 4.1 radians will be in degrees. Press the fx button to open the function selection window and enter the corresponding function name in the search window.
• A window appears in which you need to enter the function arguments. We enter the value 4.1, since we need to find how much gradus ° will be in 4.1 rad. Click OK.

For an initial value of 4.1, we get exactly 235 degrees.

Thus, the conversion from radians to degrees in Excel is performed.

## How many radians are in several degrees?

EXAMPLE 3. Sometimes you need to determine how many radians are in several degrees at once and then enter the argument each time for a very long time. In this case, you can use a slightly different way of converting values ​​for measuring angles.

It is required to find how much 45, 67, 23, 12, 57 degrees will be in Radians. Press the fx (SHIFT + F3) button to call the function selection window and in the search window enter the necessary function as shown in the figure below. We point to the highlighted function.

• Select the range of degrees (A3 to A7) and click on the OK button.
• We stretch the line down so that we can find out how many radians are in all given degrees without calling the function several times.

For 45 degrees it is 0.7853, for 67 degrees it’s 1.1693, for 23 degrees it’s 0.4014, for 12 degrees it’s 0.2094, for 57 degrees it’s 0.9948 in radians.

## How to insert a degree symbol in Excel – 2020

Microsoft Excel allows you to enter ASCII or Unicode characters in the cells in your spreadsheet. Understanding how to add these symbols takes a bit of detective work, as there is no easy option to insert such symbols in any of the menus. Inserting characters involves quick keyboard work, which will easily become second nature when you remember how to enter the most commonly used codes, such as the degree symbol.

Use the “Alt” key to insert ASCII or Unicode characters.

## Stage 1

Turn on the keypad lock function by pressing the “Number Lock” button. You can only enter the degree symbol using the number pad (not the number line above the letters.)

## Step 2

Click in the cell where you want to enter the degree symbol.

## Step 3

Find the “Alt” key on your keyboard.

## Step 4

Hold down the “Alt” key with your left hand and enter “0176” on the digital panel at the same time. You should see the degree symbol in the cell.

## Degrees Symbols in excel

Use the command to insert symbols. “FAQ: How to put the degree symbol (°) with the keyboard” Computer keyboards contain many keys with which you can type the most used symbols, but others that are not so common cannot be entered using a key

Degrees centigrade in a cell – answer – Hello ,, The problem is the following, I try to put the symbol of degrees centigrade in a cell, which I no longer know how to do and besides that I can use a function to for example calculate the temperature. send your Edition with the changes you consider useful. = CHARACTER (176) If we want to add the degree symbol … Finding a way to put these characters takes a bit of detective work, as there is no easy option to insert these characters into any of the menus.

Please re-enable Javascript to access the full functionality. In this tutorial we explain how to insert degree symbol in Excel 2016, 2013, 2010 in different ways. Degree symbol (°) or degree sign is a typographic symbol which is used to represent degrees of arc, Today Solvetic will teach some methods to insert this symbol in a simple way. In this case we can make use of the CHARACTER function by executing = CHARACTER (176) to insert the degree symbol in Excel. If we want to add the degree symbol to a special number, in this example number 15, we execute the following: To make use of this option we go to the Insert menu and in the Symbol

group we click on the Symbols tab and the following window will be displayed. Change colors Outlook Calendar 2019, 2016. Leave your comments and take advantage of the user account Join us! A community that will surprise and help you on more than one occasion Step 3. Do you think you can correct or improve this tutorial?

Type degree symbol in the “Search” text box at the bottom of the window, and then click Search. In this way we will make the most of our time and be more effective in those Word documents that we create.

How to Insert a Degree Symbol in Excel Microsoft Excel allows you to enter ASCII or Unicode characters into cells within your worksheet.

Some Microsoft Office programs such as Word and Excel have the insert symbol function that you can use to type a wide variety of symbols. In Office 2007, you must click on “More symbols” after opening the “Symbol” menu. There, simply locate the degree symbol and click on the Insert button to add it to the selected cell. Just hold down the ALT key and then type 0176 on the numeric keypad and we need to make sure that NumLock is on and start typing the 0176 degree keyboard shortcut with the leading zero.
Our content is written in collaboration with When you use the Microsoft Office program, click “Insert”, then “Symbol” and scroll through the list of symbols until you find the degree; double click on it. This keyboard code is Alt + 0176.
On these computers you can produce the symbol by pressing the “Shift” key then the “Option” key and then the 8 key.

## Degree Symbol in Latex

I want to be able to simply enter the degree symbol as ° in my source code. The German keyboard has a key that makes the source more readable. I’m using  pdfLaTeX    from TeXLive 2012, and this minimal reproduction example:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage{textcomp}
\begin{document}
Degree symbol in plain text works: 90° is a right angle.
Degree in math won’t work: $\cos(90°) = 0$.
\end{document}

Compile this file and I get a message

### Missing character: There is no in font cmr10!

Where there actually means that a single byte cannot form a valid UTF-8 sequence, so it cannot be printed correctly on my console.

I have a rough idea, all of them come from, but I don’t know anything about how to solve this problem. I want to make \textdegree symbols that can also work in math mode, or let the engine replace some different commands to replace my unicode code point. Ideally, the command will choose the correct form based on whether the current mode is a math mode, I do n’t know how to check (yet). For the final result, it would be nice if the symbols look the same in both text and math mode OK, so I might look for a solution that will switch to text mode to output the symbol.

But maybe there is an easier way to do it all. Maybe there is even a package. Searching through previous posts, I found that there is a package unicode-math , but this does not work for pdfLaTeX, and the switching engine does not seem to be most of my applications Reasonable requirements of the program.

## Latest recovery

1.The following code should work:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage{textcomp}
\usepackage{gensymb}
\begin{document}
Degree symbol in plain text works: 90° is a right angle.
Degree in math now work: $\cos(90\degree) = 0$.
\end{document}

2. That’s why you have the siunitx package:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage{textcomp}
\usepackage{siunitx}
\begin{document}
Degree symbol in plain text works: 90\si{\degree} (or \SI{90}{\degree}) is a right angle.
Degree in math would work: $\cos(90\si{\degree}) = 0$.
\end{document}
As cgnieder said, \ang it can also be used for this purpose:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage{textcomp}
\usepackage{siunitx}
\begin{document}
Degree symbol in plain text works: \ang{90} is a right angle.
Degree in math would work: $\cos(\ang{90}) = 0$.
\end{document}

3. I used ^{\circ} to get the degree notation in math mode. It works every time. I encountered compatibility issues with some other code / package combinations.

4. If you do not need to textcomp pack, remove it and change the utf8 inputencselection to utf8x be useful to you, just for me.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[utf8x]{inputenc}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
%\usepackage{textcomp}
\begin{document}
Degree symbol in plain text works: 90° is a right angle.
Degree in math won’t work: $\cos(90°) = 0$.
\end{document}

5. I ended up using the gensymb answer from Papiro to get the \degree command, combining it with a line to tie it to ° a symbol inspired by comments to that answer:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage{textcomp}
\usepackage{gensymb}
\DeclareUnicodeCharacter{00B0}{\degree}
\begin{document}
Degree symbol in plain text still works: 90° is a right angle.
Degree in math now works as well: $\cos(90°) = 0$.
\end{document}

## What are degrees Celsius Symbol (° C)?

We explain what degrees Celsius are and who was the creator of this unit of measurement. Also, what are Kelvin and Fahrenheit degrees.

unit of measurement for temperature,  wrongly known as degrees Celsius, and represented by the symbol ° C, is called degrees Celsius . This unit pays tribute to its creator, the Swedish physicist and astronomer Anders Celsius, and is equivalent in caloric intensity to the Kelvin degree scale, so it can be defined with the following formula:

Temperature (° C) = Temperature (K) – 273.15

Paradoxically, William Thompson, creator of the Kelvin scale, created it based on the Celsius degree scale, since it is later. However, the latter is the one accepted by the International System, along with that of Celsius as an accessory unit.

For its part, the conversion from degrees Celsius to degrees Fahrenheit is done using the following formula:

Temperature (° F) = 1.8 x Temperature (° C) + 32

The Celsius degree scale places its zero point (0) about 0.01 degrees below the triple point of water: that in which the three states of matter, solid , liquid and gaseous , coexist in equilibrium .

Initially, its creator had based on the freezing and boiling points of water , assigning them 100 and 0 degrees respectively, so that the higher the temperature, the lower the temperature. This logic would be reversed around 1744 when Jean-Pierre Christin and Carlos Linneo proposed to reverse it.

## 2.Anders Celsius

The creator of the Celsius scale was Anders Celsius (1701-1744), a scientist of Swedish origin. Born in the Swedish Empire, he was professor of astronomy at the University of Uppsala , where he supervised the construction of his observatory, in charge of which he has been since 1740.

He was interested in observing the northern lights , in measuring the flattening of the planet at its poles, although his best-known scientific contribution is the creation of the temperature scale that bears his name, which he proposed to the Swedish Academy of Sciences. as a replacement for the Farenheit scale, of German origin.

He died in 1744, a victim of tuberculosis. However, in life he enjoyed numerous recognitions in the scientific area , such as his acceptance in the Royal Society, in the Leopoldina Academy of Natural Sciences or the Prussian Academy of Sciences. Subsequently, one of the craters of the Moon was named in his honor.

## 3.Kelvin degrees

Created by William Thompson Kelvin (called Lord Kelvin) in 1848, it was established using the Celsius scale, but relocating its zero point (0) to make it coincide with the so-called absolute zero (-273.15 ° C, minimum possible temperature) but keeping the same dimensions of the scale. This thermometric unit is represented by the letter K and is considered the “absolute temperature”, which is why it is used in the scientific field, especially in physics and chemistry .

Kelvin degrees are also used to measure color temperature in film , video, and photography . That is, a scale to measure color compared to what a black body heated at a certain temperature in degrees kelvin would emit.

## 4.Farenheit degrees

Represented with the symbol ° F, the degree Farenheit  was proposed by the German physicist and engineer Daniel Gabriel Farenheit in 1724 . According to its scale, the freezing and boiling points of water are 32 ° F and 212 ° F respectively, that is, unlike the Celsius scale, it does not use these points as defining limits.

Instead, Farenheit determined its zero point on the scale through a usual cold mix: ice, water, and ammonium chloride. This is because he wanted to abolish the negative scales of the Rømer scale used until then.

## How to insert degree symbol in macOS (OS X[)

A reader recently asked how to use a degree symbol on macOS (OS X). Fortunately, typing a degree symbol on your Mac on macOS is as easy as typing on your iOS phone, which allows you to properly express both math and increasingly unstable weather.

There are two ways to enter the degree symbol in macOS, and both of them are system level functions, which means that they will work in any application on your Mac at almost any time (with some exceptions for protected text input fields).

But don’t worry, all of the most common applications in which you want to enter a degree symbol are supported, including web browsers, MacOS messages, Skype, email clients, and even journal applications such as the popular Day One

## Degree symbol from the special character menu

You can insert a degree character (among many other characters) using the special character menu, now called the Emoji & Symbols menu in later versions of macOS, including macOS Mojave.

To access it, place the cursor where you want to insert the degree symbol, and then go to Edit> Special characters (or Edit> Emoji and characters ) in the menu bar. Alternatively, you can use the Control-Command-Space keyboard shortcut on your Mac keyboard.

A new window will appear displaying a series of special characters, characters and, for Yosemite, Emoji. Instead of manually viewing hundreds of available characters, simply enter “degree” in the search field to display the available degree characters.

As you can see in the screenshot above (based on OS X Yosemite 10.10.2), you have a choice of three options for degree symbols: one for degrees Fahrenheit and Celsius and a simple degree symbol. Just double-click on the character you want to paste it at the current location of the mouse cursor or trackpad. Frequently used symbols and symbols will be displayed under the search box, which will save you a little time in the future.

## Keyboard Shortcut Key

The Special Characters menu described above gives you hundreds of useful characters, characters, and emoticons to choose from, but if you just need a simple degree symbol, this is not the fastest option. Instead, let’s use a keyboard shortcut.

While typing, hover over the place where you want to insert the degree symbol. Then use one of the following keyboard shortcuts:

Shift-Option-8: This key combination inserts the correct degree symbol (i.e., 72 °);
Option-K: This key combination inserts a small degree symbol, very similar to the actual degree symbol, but smaller (i.e., 72˚)

We are not sure if there is any significant difference between the symbols of large and small degree, when they are used in meteorological or mathematical contexts, but using any of them will most likely help you with this (see Note below). It should be noted that when using the special character menu approach described in the section above, a larger character is inserted.

## How To Find The IPhone Degree Symbol On The IOS Virtual Keyboard

When Steve Jobs introduced the first iPhone, he lauded the device’s virtual keyboard as superior to then-prevalent physical keyboards thanks to its ability to dynamically change based on the needs of software. But just because the iPhone’s virtual keyboard is flexible, it doesn’t mean that certain symbols aren’t hard to find.
Once such example is the degree symbol, which is particularly relevant considering the crazy state of weather in recent months. While some apps, especially weather and math-based apps, put the degree symbol front and center, the standard iPhone keyboard layout hides it without much indication of where to find it.
To find the iPhone degree symbol, launch any app that brings up the virtual keyboard. Tap on the 123 modifier to bring up the numeric and symbols keyboard and tap and hold on the 0 (zero). After a brief delay, a pop-up will appear allowing you to choose the degree symbol. While continuing to hold, simply slide your finger or thumb over to the degree symbol until it’s highlighted in blue. Release to insert the symbol at your cursor’s location.
Note that while our screenshot demonstrates this feature in iOS 7, the degree symbol can be found via the same method on all supported versions of iOS and on all iDevices, including the iPad and iPod touch.